The Ivorian crisis of 2010-2011 is a political crisis in Côte d’Ivoire, which begins after the second round of the Ivorian presidential election of 2010, the first election in 10 years, and the result leads to an electoral dispute, following of suspected fraud. Both candidates, Laurent Gbagbo , Past President and acknowledged by the Constitutional Council, and Alassane Ouattara , recognized by the Independent Electoral Commission and the international community , claiming victory. Gbagbo was eventually arrested on 11 April 2011, allowing Alassane Ouattara to ensure all its prerogatives of head of state.
On 28 November, in the second round of the presidential election of 2010 Ivorian opposition Laurent Gbagbo, the outgoing president and Alassane Ouattara, a former prime minister.
On December 2, 2010, Youssouf Bakayoko , the president of the Independent Electoral Commission (IEC) announced the victory of Alassane Ouattara in this election with 54.1% of the vote against 45.9% for Laurent Gbagbo with a participation rate of 81.09%. The announcement of the results had been postponed several times and took place after the deadline. The press was surprised by the fact that this announcement is being made at the Hotel du Golf , protected by the forces of UNOCI. Bakayoko had made his announcement at this hotel, chosen by Ouattara as campaign headquarters because he wanted to enjoy the protection of UN forces. According to agreements signed in Pretoria in 2005, the independent electoral commission is composed for a majority of elements from the opposition.
Paul Yao N'Dre appointed by the President August 8, 2009 to head the Constitutional Council and to be close to Simone Gbagbo, said the IEC had no authority to announce the results because the deadline had passed and So the results are invalid. According N'Dre after the deadline, only the Constitutional Council is empowered to reported results, it is indeed the institution must "resolve, where applicable, the electoral dispute and proclaim the election results ". After this announcement, the military closed the borders.
On 3 December, the Constitutional Council declared Gbagbo won. N'Dre announced that the results in seven regions of the north are canceled. This reverses the results in favor of Gbagbo, who was then credited with 51.45% of votes while Ouattara has only 48.55%.
The special envoy of UN in Côte d'Ivoire, Choi Young-jin , proclaims the victory of Ouatarra: "The results of the second round of the presidential election as announced on December 2 by the election commission does not change This confirms that the candidate Alassane Ouattara won the vote.
On the basis of the results of the CIS and UN support, Ouatarra says he is "elected president" and said that the Constitutional Council has abused his authority: "I'm sorry for my image countries, but the end of the process is validated by the Special Representative of the UN, and this validation confirms that I am the winner” . The Prime Minister and leader of the Forces Nouvelles , Guillaume Soro, Ouattara supports victory. Soro resigns as Prime Minister to Gbagbo, 4 December.
Gbagbo invested Dec. 4, said: "The sovereignty of Côte d'Ivoire, it is that I am responsible to defend and I do not negotiate." In different parts of the country, announced the firing and violence. Gbagbo appoints Gilbert Ake , an economist close to him as Prime Minister.
Ouattara was sworn in shortly after declaring: "I want to say that Cote d'Ivoire is now in good hands ". He renewed Guillaume Soro as Prime Minister.