Inspired by the American Revolution (1776) and the philosophical ideas of the Enlightenment, the National Constituent Assembly of revolutionary France voted on August 26, 1789 and voted on October 2 definitely the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen, in seventeen articles and synthesizing a preamble of the ideals libertarians and liberals of the first phase of the French Revolution.
For the first time are proclaimed freedoms and fundamental human rights (or modern man, the man after the bourgeoisie) in an ecumenical manner in order to encompass all of humanity. It was reformulated in the context of the revolutionary process in a second version, 1793. Inspiration for the French constitutions of 1848 (Second French Republic) and the current one. It was also the basis of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights promulgated by the UN.
The French Revolution inspired the American Revolution (1776) and the philosophical ideas of the Enlightenment, the National Constituent Assembly of revolutionary France voted on August 26, 1789 and definitely voted Oct 2 to the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen, summarizing in Seventeen papers and an introduction of liberal and libertarian ideals of the first phase of the French Revolution. For the first time are proclaimed freedoms and fundamental human rights in an ecumenical manner in order to encompass all of humanity. It was reformulated in the context of the revolutionary process in a second version, 1793. Inspiration for the French constitutions of 1848 (Second French Republic) and the current one. It was also the basis of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights promulgated by the UN.
National Day of Human Rights in Portugal
The Assembly of the Republic, recognizing the importance of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted in 1998 in which a resolution establishing that on 10 December shall be deemed a National Day of Human Rights.
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen
Art.1. No Men are born and remain free and equal in rights. Social distinctions may be founded only upon the general good.
Art. 2 The aim of every political association is the conservation of natural and inalienable rights of man. These rights are liberty, property, security and resistance to oppression.
Article 3. The principle of all sovereignty resides essentially in the nation. No body nor individual may exercise authority which does not emanate expressly from it.
Article 4. The freedom consists in being able to do anything that does not harm others: thus the exercise of the natural rights of each man has no limits except those which assure other members of society the enjoyment of those rights. These limits can only be determined by law.
Article 5. The law can only prohibit such actions harmful to society. Everything that is not prohibited by law can not be prevented and no one can be compelled to do what she does not order.
Article 6. The law is the expression of general will. All citizens have the right to participate personally or through representatives, in their training. It must be the same for all, to protect, or to punish. All citizens are equal in the eyes and equally eligible to all dignities, places and employments, according to his ability, and without distinction other than that of their virtues and talents.
Article 7. No one can be accused, arrested or detained except in cases determined by law and in accordance with the forms prescribed by it. Those who solicit, expedite, carry out or carried out arbitrary orders must be punished, but any citizen summoned or arrested in virtue of the law must obey immediately, otherwise he is guilty of resistance.
Article 8. The law must establish only penalties strictly and evidently necessary and nobody can be punished except by virtue of a law passed and promulgated before the offense, and legally applied.
Article 9. º Every man is presumed innocent until proven guilty and, if deemed necessary to arrest him, all harshness not essential to secure his person must be severely repressed by law.
Article 10. No one shall be molested for his opinions, even religious, provided their manifestation does not disturb the public order established by law.
Article 11. The free communication of ideas and opinions is one of the most precious rights of man, every citizen may therefore speak, write and publish freely, responding, however, the abuse of this freedom in accordance with the law.
Art. 12 Ensuring the rights of man and citizen necessitates a public force, this force is therefore instituted for the good of all and not for personal advantage of those to whom it is entrusted.
Art. 13 For the maintenance of public forces and for the expenses of administering a common contribution is essential to be divided between citizens according to their possibilities.
Article 14. All citizens have the right to decide, either personally or through their representatives, the necessity of a public tax, to consent to it freely, to watch over its use and to determine the distribution, collection, collection and duration.
Article 15. A society has the right to hold accountable every public agent in his administration.
Article 16. A society in which there is made for guaranteeing rights or for the separation of powers, has no constitution.
Article 17. Because of the property is an inviolable and sacred right, no one can be deprived of it, unless a legally established public necessity so requires and subject to fair and prior compensation.